Health Outcomes and Experiences of Food Insecurity among Indigenous Peoples: A Scoping Review

Researcher: Bolu Olawuyi, MD

Research focus: The rising rates of food insecurity among Indigenous Canadians have become a public health concern due to health complications such as diabetes, obesity, and mental health disorders. There is an urgency to address this risk to promote health and improve the quality of life for Indigenous Canadians. Indigenous food sovereignty has emerged as an option to eradicate food insecurity and promote sustainable food systems within Indigenous reserve communities. The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize the evidence from the literature on the health outcomes and experiences of food insecurity among Indigenous peoples in Canada. The databases searched were CINAHL Plus Full Text, CBCA ProQuest, and Google Scholar from 2017-2022. Twelve articles adhered to the inclusion criteria of published peer-reviewed studies in English language on food insecurity, experiences, health impacts, and Indigenous peoples in Canada. There are limited studies on the health impacts and experiences of food insecurity among Indigenous peoples living on reserve. Findings revealed that interventions focusing on areas such as predictors of food insecurity, accessibility and affordability of foods, health implications and Indigenous food sovereignty, are vital to combat food insecurity.